🎄 18/25. Renaming files with Perl 6

🎄 18/25. Renaming files with Raku

N. B. Perl 6 has been renamed to Raku. Click to read more.


Welcome to Day 18 of the Perl 6 One-Liner Advent Calendar! Today, there will be a true one-liner, in the sense that you run it from the terminal as a devops.

Our task is to rename all the files passed in the command-line arguments and give the files sequential numbers in the preferred format. Here is an example of the command line:

$ perl6 rename.pl *.jpg img_0000.jpg

In this example, all image files in the current directory will be renamed to img_0001.jpg, img_0002.jpg, etc.

And here’s the possible solution in Perl 6:

@*ARGS[0..*-2].sort.map: *.Str.IO.rename(++@*ARGS[*-1])

The pre-defined dynamic variable @*ARGS contains the arguments from the command line. In the above example, the shell unrolls the *.jpg mask to a list of files, so the array contains them all. The last element is the renaming sample img_0000.jpg.

Notice that unlike Perl 5, the variable is called ARGS, not ARGV.

To loop over all the files (and skipping the last file item with the file mask), we are taking the slice of @*ARGS. The 0..*-2 construct creates a range of indices to take all elements except the last one.

Then the list is sorted (the original @*ARGS array stays unchanged), and we iterate over the file names using the map method.

The body of map contains a WhateveCode block; it takes the string representation of the current value, makes an IO::Path object out of it, and calls the rename method. Notice that the IO method creates an object of the IO::Path class; while a bare IO is a role in the hierarchy of the Perl 6 object system.

Finally, the increment operator ++ changes the renaming sample (which is held in the last, *-1st, element of @*ARGS). When the operator is applied to a string, it increments the number part of it, so we get img_0001.jpg, img_0002.jpg, etc.

I hope that Perl 6 will not be ever called a star-noise language 🙂 Nevertheless, tomorrow there will be another short story about Perl 6!

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